1. State whether each of the sentences below are true or false.

If the victim, when reporting the crime, wants to receive a written acknowledgement of this complaint, he/she shall submit a written request to the Public Prosecutor.

True False

2. State whether each of the sentences below are true or false.

A victim participating as a witness in criminal proceedings has the right to be compensated for the time spent in that role and to be reimbursed for expenses incurred.

True False

3. State whether each of the sentences below are true or false.

The Public Prosecutor is responsible for the investigation.

True False

4. State whether each of the sentences below are true or false.

If the victim wants to obtain compensation from the offender, he/she has to file a lawsuit in a civil court.

True False

5. Choose the answer which best completes each of the following sentences.

The report:

May only be filed by the victim. Is the first step in the case. May only be made in writing. Must be made at a Public Safety Police (PSP) station.

6. Choose the wrong statement.

The witness has the right to:

...not provide his/her home address for notification purposes. ...refuse to testify. ...be accompanied by a lawyer. ...stay in the courtroom after being heard, but not before.

7. Choose the wrong statement.

When testifying:

Always tell the truth. Try to answer the questions as fast as you can. For questions you don’t know how to reply to, your response should be only one: ’’I don’t know’’. Do not reply to questions you did not fully understand.

8. Below are a number of definitions of terms used in the criminal procedure. Click on the word which matches the definition.

Measures to restrict the freedom of defendants, applicable when there is the risk of escape, risk to the collection and preservation of crime evidence, risk to public security and/or of risk of on-going criminal activity.


It is the way to notify people either that they are to attend a specific legal procedure or to inform them about specific facts or decisions.


This phase is optional in criminal proceedings and only takes place when requested by the defendant or the assistant. It is an investigation that takes place in-between the investigation phase and the trial.Its purpose is to review the Public Prosecutor´s decision taken at the end of the investigation phase in light of the evidence collected and advise on whether or not this decision was adequate.


It applies to crimes punishable with either a jail sentence of 5 years or less or a fine.The continuation of the process is made dependent on the defendant complying with a set of injunctions or rules of behaviour for a given length of time.If the defendant complies with these rules, the process is dismissed; otherwise, it follows its course.


It is a way to provide a witness statement in court, without the person being heard having to be there. On the day of the hearing, the witnesses will appear at the court of their area of residence and will be connected to the court where the criminal proceedings are taking place to be heard.


This is the status assigned in criminal proceedings to someone suspected of having committed a crime and gives him/her a set of procedural rights and duties.

A situation that arises when the authorities are not able to summon the defendant or arrest him/her to be taken to trial. The authorities adopt a set of measures aiming at pressing the defendant to present himself/herself before them (e.g. not being allowed to request certain documents such as identity card or driving licence). The defendant is then said to be contumacious.


It is a crime whose process starts regardless of the victim´s willingness and that can be reported by anyone, that is, it is not required that the victim presents the complaint himself/herself.


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